The basic purpose of diesel engine oil is to stop metal contact with another metal. Diesel engine usually made up of several hundreds of moving parts that need to be stay separated from each other. The engine oil is life blood of engine system because it creates a thin film between metal moving parts and guide them to operate freely. The characteristic of engine oil should be selective so it can provide cutting-edge high performance results in producing better efficiency output in any format. In market where thousands of engine oil are available but to select an ideal one for your engine is the key factor, mostly users unaware about the specifications of engines who tend to buy irrelevant engine oil without any grading understandings.
Before buying the engine oil for your diesel engine the consumer must know the product specifications, manufacturers of diesel and gasoline engines always mention the Engine oil grading structure in service manual and some times on engines also. These grading specifications may differ from region by region because the climate conditions of Asia is dissimilar than Europe and Africa climate is also different from America so the user of reciprocal engines should be well aware of general details of quality standardized engine oil.
The conventional engine oil is precisely used from many decades, recently where Petroleum Engineering advanced the technology by introducing synthetic based oils. Conventional or Common Engines oils are made from Crude Oils through extraction process from different ores. These oils are typical mixture of thousands of different chemicals. Synthetic based Engine oils is proactive oil which are synthesized from much pure chemicals and forming substances. The material of synthetic based oils drawn from various sources. These type of engine oil act as reactive detergents cleans the engine, anti-wear agents remove any impure particles which can damage the life of metal, rust and corrosion protection in advanced standard and anti foaming agents.
Engine Oil Standards
These days there are several types of motor engine oils are available as a results these oils effectively used in gasoline, diesel, propane and natural gas equipped engines but to identify the real one is important. If a new user go through to marketplace in search of diesel engine oil then how could he get know that the engine oil which he purchased work for diesel or gasoline, conventional sales people are still also unaware about the Standards of American Petroleum Institute which actually gives classification of right engine oil. There are two widely terms used, for Gasoline engine S type of engine oil is recommended because S stands for Spark Ignition and for Diesel engine C type of engine oil is feasible because C stands for Compression where diesel engines also called Compression Engines. These categorization can help anyone when buying engine oil for the engine. Generally the outcomes of these classification comes within a combination of another Alphabet, SF, SG, SH, SI, SJ for Gasoline and CJ, CI, CH, CG, CF for Diesel Engines respectively, these combinations also reveals the idea of engine compatibility factors.
Unlike the basic standards there are also some gradings available which helps the users to identify the variance of environmental temperature for engine. Nowadays there are single grade and multi grade oils available. The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) established a special coding standard to balance the viscosity levels according to different regions. In a engine oil container like API you may also find grading of SAE in form of numeric characters, the engineers ordered the viscosity levels from low to high preference starting from 0, 5, 10, 20 and more following the prominence of this numerals another similar kind of ending numeral also followed but the difference between both is introduction of W. The word W denotes winter so it means that first numeral is applicable for hot conditions and other is for Winter. The upward trend of higher numbers gives more improved viscosity.